The sustainably management of natural resources and ecosystem in Papua has been a commitment of the government of the province of Papua and Papua Barat, central government, as well as local, national, and international development partners. This commitment was declared in the closing ceremony of International Conference on Biodiversity, Ecotourism and Creative Economy/ ICBE 2018 in Manokwari, Papua Barat on October 10, 2018.
The governor of Papua Barat, Papua, and Development Partners signed Manokwari Declaration on Sustainable Management of Natural Resources and Ecosystem in Papua. Manokwari Declaration which aims at empowering the commitment of sustainably management of natural resources and ecosystem stakeholders in the area of two provinces was signed by Dominggus Mandacan (governor of Papua Barat) and Lukas Enembe (governor of Papua). This commitment is a symbol of real contribution of these provinces in reaching the national target of ecosystem and biodiversity conservation which is a part of “The Objective of the Development of Indonesian Human Resources.”
The governor of Papua Barat, Dominggus Mandacan, reaffirmed his commitment to enhance protection function up to 70% in the allocation of spatial plans in the province of Papua Barat. This is a realization of the declaration of Papua Barat as a Conservation Province in 2015. “This commitment is a starting point of development approach that concerns the function of environment more seriously and preserves the natural resources which will contribute to the prosperity of indigenous people in Papua more meaningfully. I will keep focusing on the agenda of sustainable development although there are always people waiting in line in front of my office to gain new concession permit. But we have to obey the rules, including implement the Instruction of President about the moratorium of land clearing for palm oil plantation of mining. If there is anything to review, we will use it as a base to make decision. This is what we have to do to deal with KPK and BPK.” Along with the governor, Noak Kaspisa, Deputy 2 of the governor of Papua expressed his expectation that the vision of Conservation Province which includes sustainable development can be reached soon.
“This declaration is a proof of the consistency of the government of the province of Papua in implementing Vision of 2100 which emphasizes the elevation of life quality of Papuans to higher and fairer level. This declaration highlighted the importance of natural resources for Papuan now and then.”
The four day conference was under the theme “Sustainable Province: Smart Solution of Development in Papua.” There were more than 750 attendants participated in the conference. They came from different countries, such as USA, England, Brazil, Germany, Netherland, Mexico, Spain, Australia, Japan, Cina, Korea, Papua New Guinea, etc.
The director of WWF Program Papua, Benja Mambai had some words about the third ICBE conference held in Manokwari (the first and second were held in Jayapura). He said, “There has been a lot of progress in the society in Papua. It is not only the development of local wisdom on conservation, but also innovation in entrepreneurship. For instance, some indigenous Papuan ecotourism businessmen like Alex Waisimon from Jayapura or Maximus Tipagau from Timika, etc. They develop ecotourism harnessing tourism potent around their area. Their ecotourism programs directly involve local people and those programs can educate them to protect their environment. Ecotourism can bring impact on economy, ecology, social, and culture.”
“What both governors have launched (to make Tanah Papua sustainable provinces based on customary land) is a new way to support national and international commitment to enhance life quality and to decrease the emission of CO2. The next challenge is how to change people’s paradigm that to develop Papua is not only through converting forest into land based investment, such as palm plantation, industrial plantation, or mining. The commitment of both governors to implement the vision of sustainable provinces based on customary land is in line with the spirit to conserve the land of Papua, piece of falling heaven,” Benja added.
Based on the result of International Conference on Biodiversity, Ecotourism, and Creative Economy (ICBE 2018) and refer to the Memorandum of Understanding between the province of Papua and Papua Barat about Sustainable Development Based on Customary Territory, which was signed on October 7 2018, the government of both provinces stated a common mission: Tanah Papua is in Peace, Sustainable, Everlasting, and Prestigious. As per the implementation of that common vision, the results of ICBE 2018 stated that:
FIRST, reaffirm the commitment of sustainable development in Papua and document it in Specific Local Regulation in the province of Papua Barat and revise RTRWP in both provinces and RPJMD 2019-2023 in Papua. Integration of customary territory into RTRW, and strengthen the process of Specific Local Regulation on sustainable development in Papua Barat and strengthen Vision 2100 of Papua.
SECOND, commit to strengthen the role of customary institutions through Specific Local Regulation about The Affirmation of the Role of Customary Societies which accommodates the recognition of governance customary territory, institution, including customary forest based on local wisdom and sustainable forest utilization. Funding the programs of the enhancement of society’s capacity to strengthen the institutions and accelerating the mapping of customary territory. Encourage the management of registration service for customary lands and the mechanism of disputes related to customary land.
THIRD, commit to obey the laws and regulations related to natural resources in the management of sustainable development, implement the moratorium new permits of big scale plantation, mining, and land based industry companies, and review the issued permits by forming a specific team for these issues.
FOURTH, along with central government commit to manage fiscal incentive in form of product share fund which is affirmed in Specific Local Regulations of DBH and ensure the ecological incentive fiscal scheme (e.g. DAU, DAK, DID, Fund of Special Autonomy).
FIFTH, commit to form Information Commission in the province of Papua Barat to increase transparency and accountability of data and information through the enhancement of integrated information system in local, inter-sectorial, and national level.
SIXTH, commit to develop a Natural History Museum for Tanah Papua which supports conservation through collection of samples, research, and the enhancement of comprehension and appreciation towards biodiversity, nature, and culture in Papua.
SEVENTH, commit to encourage the development of the capacity of human resources in various areas of knowledge and urgent skills, including planning, local people’s participation in the management of human resources, the management of conserved area, ecotourism, study, and the management of information system.
EIGHTH, support and facilitate customary societies to make choice upon products with high economic values to be processed. Both provinces will encourage women to take part actively in discussions about customary societies’ rights and natural resources management.
NINTH, commit to form a law commission as a mandate of article 23 of Law No. 21/ 2001 to supervise the implementation of policies related to aspects, such as the right for land ownership, sustainable natural resources management, and information access for indigenous people.
TENTH, commit to run supervision role in the management of natural resources as mandated in Law No 23/ 2014 about Local Government. Both provinces committed to encourage the synchronization and development policy synergy for development in Papua through active consultation between central and provincial governments as stated in President Instruction 9/2017.
ELEVENTH, commit to set the protection of essential conservation areas, management of mangrove, turf swamp, sago swamp, to set local strategic area, the conservation of endemic species as well as karst area, and waters. Both provinces will evaluate the environmental impacts towards developed infrastructure.
TWELVETH, commit to encourage and facilitate the acceleration of the Regulation of Governor about food sustainability in Tanah Papua, which involve the local government, DPR, MRP and customary societies.
THIRTEENTH, commit to elevate and prioritize education to produce qualified human resources who possess measured qualification, and competency.
FOURTEENTH, encourage global, national, and local partnership in documentation and dissemination of best practices in the development of green economy and the conservation of nature and culture of Papua.
Manokwari, 10 October 2018
Province of Papua Barat
Province of Papua