The occupants of this village, the Moni tribe, lives in harmony along with nature and are gratefully blessed with fertile soil. They plant taro, one of the earliest cultivated plant similar to yams, which is their main source of food. Coffee is also one of the plants they manage traditionally.
Being the village with the only airstrip, Pogapa is the starting point to the other remote villages located in the mountains. Plane rides take 45 minutes and it is the one and only to reach Pogapa. The trek of Pogapa and other villages around it gives you the chance to see how the locals go on with their daily routines. Along with the scenery, enjoy the fresh air fabricated by the thick rainforest.
Set your plan to come here. Meet the people of Pogapa and see their daily activities; from their food processing in the kitchen to the traditional market. Enjoy spectacular view of mountains around and feel the real inner peace while you are here.
Natural resources of Papua play a key role in economic and social development in this area. The resources are found in the forest, coast, sea, and land which is rich of minerals. The ecosystem in Papua is the richest in Indonesia where a half of variety of Indonesian flora and fauna live. Some of endemic flora and fauna are only found here. Papua is the habitat of 15.000-20.000 kinds of plants (55% is endemic), 602 kinds of birds (52% is endemic), 125 kinds of mammals (58% is endemic), and 223 kinds of reptiles (35% is endemic). In February 2006, a group of researcher carried out a study in Foja Mountain. They found various types of bird, amphibian, and plant, including a new variant of rhododendron which flower is the biggest in its genus. This natural potency is getting more significant along with the agreement of Nagoya Protocol which protects the biodiversity in Papua in order to give advantages for Indonesia in general and local people in Particular. Nagoya Protocol is very important to accommodate traditional knowledge of local people living in customary laws.
Rhododendron is a stand out type of flora in Carstensz with its bright color flower. It grows at the altitude of 500-meter in mountain forest. It is a kind of epiphyte living in branches of trees. Rhododendron is usually found with some different species. In this condition many hybrids occur. There are species of Rhododendron Rarum which blossom in April to July. Their habitat is near small lakes and wet stones along the trekking route to Carstensz.
There are many species of Rhododendron along the trekking route. One of them is Rhododendron Verstegii. It has yellow petal but reddish at the bottom. It is different from Rhododendron Macgregorii which has yellow petal and pedicel and smaller flower.
It is not only Rhododendron found along the trekking route. Other plants like Orchidaceae or orchid also commonly grow in this wet tropical area. Most of orchid species here are epiphyte which is different from other species grow in tropical area which usually grow on soil. Epiphyte orchid can live from dew and moist air with fiber radix. The epiphytes develop their roots and cling on the branches where they live. However, other species grow in land with their roots in the soil. Other species are saprophyte which grows on humus formed from leaves and decayed woods. On the surface of the root it is usually found fungus which develop symbiosis with orchid.
Epiphyte can grow its stem well, often thicken it and has wax on the stem to avoid over evaporation. The stem can grow long (monopodial) or wide (simpodial), depending on its genus. The leaf of orchid is usually oval and long, typical of monocotyledon leaf. It can widen itself and function as water supplier. Orchid has typical flower which distinguish it from other families.
Dendrobium is a genus of epiphyte orchid. It grows in simpodial manner, which means the growth of the tip of its stem is limited. It will stop growing when it reaches maximum limit. This growth is continued by its saplings. There is rhizome (stem under the soil) in simpodial orchid. Saplings of the orchid emerge from its rhizome. Dendrobium needs sun light with mid to high intensity, depending on the type of Dendrobium.
Dendrobium Subclausum is a kind of epiphyte orchid which blossom its yellow flower in rainy season. Its flower ranges from 3 to 5 cm length. This species is commonly found in Maluku and trekking route to Carstensz.
Dendrobium Wentianum is a kind of epiphyte orchid genus with dark green leaf and flower comprises a group 1 to 4 flowers. Its flower is usually purple, orange, red, or combination of orange and red. It grows on branches at the altitude of 1850 to 3300 meter. It is commonly found in the trekking route to Carstensz and Papua New Guinea. It is believed that there are still a lot of kinds of orchid species along the trekking route which have not been found and labeled with scientific name. It is not only orchid that grow well along the trekking route to Carstensz. ‘Sarang semut’ (literally means ‘ant nest’) a term to refer to Myrmecodia Pendans also can grow well in this area. It is a genus of micromechophyta epiphyte from Southeast Asia and big islands to Queensland, Australia. The term ‘myrmecodia’ derived from Greek word ‘myrmekodes’ meaning “(look) like ant” or “surrounded by ants”. It grows on the branches or stalks of trees and commonly found in the forests in Papua. Although living in the branches or stalks of trees, it does not belong to parasite.
It has been used by people in Wamena, Papua as a medicine to cure kinds of illnesses, such as diarrhea, malaria, rheumatic, and hepatitis. Even today, it has been use to cure serious illness like cancer and hypertension.
It is ironic that stern gains less attention when scientists carry out survey in Papuan forests. Collectors will be astonished at the inventory of stern in Papua (it is estimated that there are over 2.000 species, which only 1.200 species have been given scientific name). Wet forest in the mountain along the trekking route to Carstensz is the widest habitat of stern in Papua. Some groups of sterns living under the altitude of 3.400 m never face frozen condition. Subalpine stern, on the other hand, grow at the altitude of 3.700 m where the temperature is extremely cold. The following pictures of sterns were taken during Carstensz expedition with climbers from Russia in October 2011.
Fern forest in Carstensz area is dominated a big sized species which is believed to have been existed since Jurassic era. Stern is a part of vascular plant which reproduces with spore and does not have flower and seed. The family of stern covers 10.560 species in the world.
Stern appeared in fossil account around 360 million
years ago in the last period of Devon. However, many of current families and
species just 145 million years ago, in the beginning of Cretaceous era, since
flowering plants started to dominate the environment.
Papua is the most eastern part of Indonesia. It is extremely rich in culture and natural resources. Most of their nature still lies untouched and play a huge part in their lifestyle. You can see this through their food. Their cuisines are tightly woven with their surrounding nature. These Traditional Food in Papua Indonesia will tell you the kind of food that they usually eat. You will see that most of their food contain sago from the sago trees that are grown all over the region. But there are so much more that you should know about which you will find here.
Stuffed pancake is called as martabak in Indonesia. In most parts of Indonesia, the commonly stuffed pancake is often filled with all sorts of meat or sweet fillings such as chocolate or milk. As for the one in Papua, sago is the main ingredient for it. Sago is grinded until is soft and then fried. After that, it is mixed with some brown sugar, which makes it sweet. This traditional food actually originated from Fakfak regency in Papua.
This next traditional food from Papua is called as Papeda. It uses sago as its main component as well. However, the sago is made into a porridge consistency. The dish is transparent and sticky like glue. The taste of this dish is bland because you will need to eat it with other kinds of dish. Papeda is usually eaten with a fish soup. You eat Papeda with a bamboo stick to roll it up. You don’t have to chew Papeda, you can just swallow it instantly. Chewing will only make it all sticky in your mouth.
Petatas is one of the traditional foods originating from
Papua. This food is also known as sweet potato for the people of Papua,
specifically for those living in mountainous areas where it grows making it a
daily staple food. People in Papua make petatas as food that is used because
the land in the island does not need to be planted with rice, so most people
plant petatas for their daily food needs. In addition, the people of Papua also
do not need to buy rice at high prices. This is because the rice obtained is
shipping from outside Papua, so the shipping costs become expensive. Petatas
also contain good nutrition with rice, so petatas can produce rice that is
Sago Grub Satay
Sago grub satay is a dish commonly found in Papua. It may take certain kind of people to like this dish as it’s quite different than others. The sago grubs are collected from the sago trees. They must be the kind of trees that are already old and weathered. The sago grubs are then placed on bamboo sticks to be roasted or grilled. This food is often eaten by the people in Papua as snacks.
Ikan Bungkus literally means wrapped fish. In this dish, a fish is cooked inside a taro leaf. They don’t leave out the special herbs and spices from Papua though. The most prominent taste from this food is its saltiness. The salt is an important part of it because it helps to get rid of any sap that is released from the taro leaf. The fish is grilled slowly with a small fire. It may take some time for the fish to fully cooked. Once it’s done, the wrapped fish is then served to people while it is warm.
Aunu Senebre is mostly made with anchovies. The anchovies are fried with rice and then mixed with taro leaves that are already cut up into smaller pieces. The taro leaves make this dish tasty. Grated coconut is added too. For some people, this dish might feel a bit too dry. But they can just eat it with Papeda. The chewy texture of Papeda will balance out any dryness from this dish. It’s also a great way to eat two traditional Papua dishes at once.
The next traditional food in Papua is called Lontar cake. It’s actually a very popular food in Papua.This cake is similar to the milk pies that are sold in Bali. But Lontar cake is made in a different way. The cake is molded using a ceramic plate. The size of the cake is determined by it. If the ceramic plate is huge, then the cake would also be big. Other than that, this cake is often served during special occasions such as Christmas or Eid.
Manokwari Grilled Fish
This is another traditional dish that contains fish. It originated from Manokwari, a town in West Papua. The fish that is used in this dish is the mackerel tuna. What makes this dish special is the chili that comes with it. It can only be eaten in Papua. Unlike other grilled fish in Indonesia, it’s not slathered in sweet soy sauce. The fish is very spicy from the chili.
No, this dish is not about an actual ant’s nest. The name actually refers to a kind of plant that can only be found in the forest of Papua. It’s an extremely unique plant that resembles the intricacies of an ant’s nest, thus the name. This traditional food is often in high demand by people outside of Papua because of its many healthy properties. It is usually used as medicine in Papua. There are also cakes that are made of the ant’s nest.
Those who live in Papua often make this traditional food to eat for themselves. So it can be hard to find it in sold in shops. It is also best eaten while it is hot. The sago is molded into rectangles and then roasted with fire. The color of the sago slabs is usually brownish red. The slabs are very hard so it can be quite difficult to bite it. This food lasts a long time because it doesn’t contain water that could attract microbes or mold.
The name is odd but there’s a reason for it. This traditional food contains a huge prawn with claws that resemble crabs’ claws. So a prawn must have cheated with a crab to create this massive prawn. The meat of this prawn is soft and sweet, similar to that of a lobster. It is often served with all kinds of sauces in Papua. It’s a very fulfilling dish and you can eat it in any way you want.
Saksak is basically sago dumplings. The texture is slippery and jelly-like. The ingredients are sugar, tapioca and mashed bananas. They are mixed together and wrapped up in banana leaves. Then, they are steamed for a couple of minutes and served when ready Saksak is not that sweet. The only sweetness will come from the bananas as the sago doesn’t offer a striking flavour.
The main part of the traditional Mumu dish is the meat. Other than that, so many vegetables, spices and salt are added. They never leave out the coconut milk, of course. All of those things are then wrapped neatly inside banana leaves. Then, they are placed inside a ground oven that is heated with very hot stones. People then eat this food with their hands. They share the food with family and friends. In case you ever visit Papua, you should definitely try out all this food. It will be an unforgettable experience to savour the food while surrounded by the beauty of Papua’s nature. You’ll create a deep connection with the communities through their food as well.
Papua is not strange in the matter of extreme culinary, Tambelo is a kind of worm living inside the rotten branches of trees. Similar to squid’s tentacles at a glance, its mushy texture might make the insides of your mouth contempt. You might get a hold of yourself first before you attempt to engulf this unusual cuisine. Sipping it vigorously is the way to consume it, and it is believed to enriched with protein causing increased sperm count to man. It is known to be a regular snack of the Kamoro Tribe living in Agats.
Puncak Jaya, also known as Carstensz Pyramid, is located on the island of Papua and the highest mountain on the Oceanic Continent. Famously known as one of the Seven Summits. Due to its remote location and the fact that it is the most technical of all Seven Summits, it is not widely summited. While Kilimanjaro has over 40,000 visits a year, Carstensz Pyramid has approximately 100.
Being so close to this notable, majestic summit; loving mountains and the feats they incite; and living in close proximity; I couldn’t wait to get out there and connect with this icon myself. With a lot of help and an eager soul, I was introduced to Adventure Carstensz. They are a tour company based in Timika that takes climbers from around the world to summit Carstensz, among other places of interest in Papua. They have a professional and experienced team that is knowledgable about this region, the mountains, climbing and the local people. I spent a few days in Timika a month prior to our climb doing some ropes training with Michael Korwa, the lead guide, and knew I was in good hands.
Across the limestone fields, between the steep mountain peaks, with rain lightly falling, we followed the rocky path to Yellow Valley where our Base Camp was already set up and waiting for us. I walked out with Wens our cook, and Jacko our porter. Our two guides had hiked out the day before to get everything ready. When we arrived the other two climbers were already there, having come by helicopter earlier that morning. Wang and Zhao, two accomplished Chinese men who flew in from Beijing. We spent the afternoon getting acquainted, sharing stories of past adventures and generally getting a feel for how experienced each of us were. I went to sleep that night after staring at what I could see through the rain of the tough and weathered north face.
We woke early the next morning. Cold, dark and still raining, we eagerly prepared for our climb. Geared up and ready to leave Base Camp at 4am, the five of us started the short walk to the first pitch. Wearing a harness, using a combination of carabineers, ascenders and a figure 8 descender the whole way, our safety was always the first concern of our guides. Carstensz isn’t the most physically challenging of the Seven Summits, but it is the most technical. After a couple hours of scaling the easy, class-5 rock walls, the sun rose and we were able to have a better look at where we were. The steel grey rocks glistened in the rain, sleek and cold. The summit was out of sight, but even still, we could feel it looming above us. Before us was the “Sky Bridge” tyrollean crossing and two small chasms that require a little more bravado. Sleet started to fall as we crossed the summit ridge, luckily it never turned to ice.
We summited sometime after 9am, over 5 hours after leaving Yellow Valley. It felt triumphant. We were all proud of our efforts and riding an endorphin high. Everyone was full of energy and excitement. Grinning ear to ear we all took the requisite photos and shared snacks before heading back down shortly before 11am, knowing the journey ahead would take time.
Our descent took over 4 hours, almost as long as it took to go up. We were coming down through pouring rain and the further we went, the bigger the cascading waterfalls grew. With water plummeting us from above, it was impossible to stay dry. It came through the tops of our jackets, drenching us all the way down through our boots as we rappelled down one pitch at a time. Waiting for each person to tie in and out of their figure 8 at each rope length was challenging. I wanted to get down and dry off, but the feel of that strong mountain under my feet gave me the power to slow down and appreciate where I was.
We gleefully arrived back at Base Camp before 3pm, after 9 hours of climbing and an hour of time spent on the summit. We were greeted with hot tea and a big lunch, thanks to our cook, Wens. After a few more “we made it home” photos, we all retired to our tents to dry off and warm up. I spent Thursday night at Base Camp and hiked back out of Yellow Valley on Friday. Happy for a shower and a warm, soft bed, but still buzzing from the energy permeating from the mountain.
The whole experience was so much fun, the feeling of accomplishment satisfactory and I’m sure the memories will be enduring. I want to do it again when it’s (hopefully) sunny! I can’t recommend Adventure Carstensz and their qualified team enough. Get out there and climb!
Internationale Tourismus Börse (ITB) Berlin 2019 was ended on March 10, 2019. It was held in the area of Messe Berlin, Germany and lasted for five days. Around 160,000 visitors attended the event, 113,500 among them were trade visitors. Indonesian participants occupied 658 m2 of the area under the branding Wonderful Indonesia and main decoration of double-decker traditional ship, phinisi. Around 105 national tourism operators joined this international tourism event. This team was led by the Minister of Tourism of Republic of Indonesia, Dr. Arief Yahya.
“ITB Berlin is very influential platform of tourism promotion. This is a main spot for any country which expects to attract global market attention,” the Minister said who attended the opening of the event. “Indonesia has become part of this exhibition with satisfying output. ITB Berlin has always been an important annual agenda in our promotion calendar,” he added. Furthermore, he explained that tourism sector is a significant focus of Indonesian government in developing the country. Tourism is an essential field to create job opportunity. Moreover, tourism is one of the primary sectors for the nation to gain foreign exchange, beside non-oil and gas export.
There were different activities held in the stand of Indonesia in ITB 2019, including business meeting, media interview, spa corner, coffee corner, carnival, Indonesian traditional dances performance, and 360 Virtual Reality (VR) camera.
The Ambassador of RI to Germany, Arif Havas Oegroseno who presented at the opening of ITB 2019 said, “We can meet other competitors in this exhibition and manage suitable strategic tourism campaign in Germany. Germany is one of key markets of Indonesian tourism in Europe. German tourists occupies third place behind England and France in Europe in terms of number. Although the number of global tourist is decreasing, the number of German tourist visiting Indonesia is increasing. The average of time and budget spent by German tourists in Indonesia is two weeks and USD 2000- 2500 respectively.
“We plan some programs this year. Among
them are batik workshop, individual press/blogger trips, roadshow with Pacific
Asia Travel Association (PATA) in Berlin, Kiel, Hannover, and Munster. Besides,
we will arrange Famtrip and invite 120 tourism industries in Germany in
collaboration with TUI, a prominent tour operator in Germany,”
Oegroseno explained. Particularly, Oegroseno arranges Indonesian tourism joint
campaign in partnership with main
aviation which open Indonesia-Europe route. At current ITB Berlin, airlines,
such as Turkish Airlines, Qatar Airways, Singapore Airlines, Emirates, and Thai
Airways were parts of stand of their home countries. Unfortunately, Garuda never
participates to support tourism market in Germany, a country with 82 million
citizen and solid economic power in Europe.
ITB Berlin has been held for 50 years. The tourism exhibition in the area of 160000 m2 was attended by 160000 visitors last year. 110000 of them were tourism businessmen and 1000 them were top qualified buyers.The value of transaction was estimated 7 milliard Euro. It is estimated that this value is increasing this year.
Adventure Carstensz team participated in ITB Berlin 2019 through Ibu Liany, a representative of Adventure Carstensz living in Berlin. She was so proud that she could promote tourism in eastern Indonesia, especially Papua which is not so popular in Germany or Europe. Adventure Carstensz is tour operator which specifies their service for professional mountaineers who wish to climb 7 highest mountains in the world or Seven Summits. Adventure Carstensz representative met other Germany and other country tour operators at this event. Adventure Carstensz will develop partnership with them so they can send their clients to Indonesia. Therefore, it is important for Adventure Carstensz to participate in events like ITB Berlin to strengthen its existence as a tour operator as well as to improve clients’ trust upon its service.
People of Kamoro tribe live along the Coast of Arafuru Sea in the southern of central Papua. Their villages lay in tidal are along the coast. They independently fulfill their primary needs, especially food by gathering it from nature. This tribe lives in semi-nomadic fashion and gains their food through gathring and fishing. Their area is abundantly blessed with kinds of food, such as sago palm, fish, and cassava. Men are responsible for gathering the food and women cooking it for their family.
Once in a few months, people of Kamoro move and settle temporary houses along river banks to gather food for their daily need or to sell it in the markets in Timika. The region which belongs to Kamoro tribe is Kokonao, part of the District of Mimika Barat, in Regency of Mimika. This tribe comprises 40 villages with population of 180.000. Generally, men in Kamoro work on gathering food. However, few of them are wood carvers. In Kamoro local language, they are called maramowe. Wooden carving is made to be used as a part of traditional ceremony ornament or for sale. Maramowe handmade wood carving is cultural icon of Kamoro tribe.
Types of their work: yamate (shield), wemawe (sculpture), po (paddle), paru (bowl of sago), eme (drum), but the most sacred is mbitoro (totem of ancestor). They even carve their dugouts with special reliefs which have particular meanings. Every lineage of maramowe has their own typical carving motif, which other lineages are prohibited to copy. Disaster may happen if this rule is purposefully broken.
As a local tour operator based in Timika, Adventure Carstensz always escorts their clients to have a city tour, including visiting local tribe communities around the town. The aim of city tour is to introduce the city to the clients and to make them acknowledged of culture and fine art of Kamoro teribe.
The Coordination Meeting on Management of Mount Carstensz Pyramid Climbing Tourism in Order to Strengthen Nusa Adventure Tourism Network. The meeting, which was only run by the Ministry of Tourism of the Republic of Indonesia, was held on Monday, March 18, 2019 in the Horizon Ultima Hall Hotel Timika. In addition to being attended by the Ministry of Tourism, the invited guests were present from Mimika and Intan Jaya Government Institutions, Head of the Lorentz National Park Office, Mimika National Sar Agency, PTFI, Mimika Immigration, National Police Headquarters, TNI Armed Forces, Intan Jaya and Mimika Police Chiefs, Timika and Intan Jaya Koramil, traditional leaders and rights owners ulayat, head of APGI, FMI, PMA and all tour operators who provide climbing services to Carstensz. In this meeting discussed the development of tourism at Carstensz from HR, natural potential, problems with the lack of tourism standards to Carstensz, waste problems, tourism risks, government support, commitment to tourism development, regulation of the development of Lorentz National Park and Carstensz tourism, regulation of climbing and community participation as the owner of the customary rights Carstensz Pyramid.
The meeting produced three recommendations that could be a solution so that the synergy between the central government, local government, customary rights owners from Amungme and Moni tribes, Lorentz National Park Office, PTFI, Association of Mountain Climbers and Guides and all related institutions or agencies in managing Carstensz Mountain Tourism got appropriate results such as expected by all parties. The three recommendations include: 1. The climbing permit must also be issued by the customary customary rights holder Cartensz, 2. Will be coordinated again with the Government regarding further technical matters; 3. The Lorentz National Park area is proposed to become a national strategic tourism area.
The establishment of Adventure Carstensz did not just focus on its tourism specialty in providing services for those willing to conquer Carstensz, but this local company built by a true son of soil also serves the people by also bringing in programs that are a part of Company Social Responsibility through its own Somatua Foundation. Pure intentions of moving the community around them towards finer insights including skills on leadership through education and also importance of health.
Somatua Foundation has been operating since 2012 and without a question is a non-profit organization with supports from various parties. One of its sponsors, PT Adventure Carstensz located at Timika is one of the loyal companies standing by Somatua supporting different programs aiming to boost maturation of the community.
It has become an ordinary matter for PT Adventure Carstensz to invite clients who are usually from out of the country, to visit the Reading Park of Kemala Somatua to interact with young Papuans who are there studying. In these activities, the climbers take part in studying along the students and donating school supplies to help further their studies.
The mood from the climbers is rather jolly, as the students feeds off it. Their enthusiasm fills the Reading Park of SP 2 Lane 3, as they enjoy their time with the “bule” – a moniker for foreign national. The students always try to catch the bules attention by singing English nursery rhymes, playing along and finally take pictures together for memory to bring along.
PT Adventure Carstensz as a local tour operator company of Papua will always contribute to the people of Papua in every ascend to the Peak of Carstensz. The company hopes these activities will give positive effect on the young generations of Papua and as well as expanding their insight.
Carstensz has several other names and are called a certain name by certain people, Nemangkawi is what the tribe of Amungme calls it and Mpaigelah is what the tribe of Moni named it. It is one of the seven summits of the world, soaring at 4,884 meters (16,024 ft) above sea level, the highest peak of Indonesia and Oceania.
Carstensz has extraordinary sceneries whether along the trekking route or once you reach the summit. It really takes guts and also requires technical climbing to reach the top. The place where climbers from all around the world come to pump their adrenaline and beat the challenge of the summit.
There are several tour operators who bring tourists up to Carstensz. Adventure Carstensz is one of them, it is a local tour company based in Timika, Papua. We have experiences guiding climbers from all around the world to the summit since as early as 2009. In the beginning of 2019, our local guide successfully leaded a group of climbers to summit Carstensz. One of the group members is a woman from Belarus. She is the first woman originating from Belarus that succeeded to conquer Carstensz summit.
Kseniya Melnikava is the young Belarusian woman with the passion of climbing mountains; especially those considered one of the Seven Summits. Coming to Indonesia with high expectation of the Carstensz summit, she was surprised that going up to Carstensz was not as easy as she had imagined. It was beyond her expectation. Climbing Carstensz was more similar to doing rock wall climbing which was more technical. It was absolutely perspiring and for worse, the first trial ended up in a failure. The team decided to go back to basecamp after facing snowstorm halfway through climbing.
Half despaired, Kseniya got into the tent, laid down to regain her energy while hoping that the following day could be a blessed one for the second trial. And it was. The weather was perfect. Ksenia and the team set foot on top of Carstensz in the morning of February 5, 2019.
When she first arrived, The Immigration’s office Mimika noticed that she was the first Belarusian citizen to ever reach Timika, making Kseniya the first Belarusian woman to conquer Carstensz Pyramid, on the very same day on Chinese New Year.
Adventure Carstensz was very happy and proud to successfully lead Kseniya and her friends to reach Carstensz summit. This is just another milestone, which we will continue to push in upcoming time. We are excited to guide other climbers and interested clients to trust us guiding them to the top.
The occupants of this village, the Moni tribe, lives in harmony along with nature and are gratefully blessed with fertile soil. They plant taro, one of the earliest cultivated plant similar to yams, which is their main source of food. Coffee is also one of the plants they manage traditionally. You can find salty rivers right up in the mountain and see how the people of Moni process it traditionally to fulfill their daily need of salt Continue reading Trekking From Pogapa To Homeyo