Various kinds of Honai

Hello fellow Climbers!

If you ever visit Papua, you may see a lot of modern houses or tall buildings in the few regions of Papua. However, if you visit the mountain area of Papua, you will come across various traditional houses that looks something like a hut. The traditional name for this little hut is Honai. What is honai and what is its uniqueness?


Honai is a traditional home of the tribe of Dani and the many tribes inhabiting the areas around the Mountain region of central Papua. Honai is derived from the word “hun” meaning a grown man and “ai” meaning home. So literally, Honai means a home of a grown man. Honai is made out of wood with the cone-shaped roof made out of hay or weeds. In general, Honai is shaped like a cone/mushroom with no windows, has a height of approximately 2,5 meters, and has a narrow room measuring around 4 to 6 meters.

Types of Honai

There are 3 types of Honai in general, which are:

  1. Honai (for men)
  2. Ebei (for women)
  3. Wamai (a shed for pigs)

Honai’s Function

Honai can accommodate 5 to 10 people and it is built purposely to protect cold weather. Other than that, honai has other functions which are:

  1. Storage

Honai has the advantage for Papuan people to store any crops from their gardens for instance sweet yams, tubers etc. If there is any cooking with stone ceremony (a tradition where food is stuffed inside with hot steaming rocks at once) locals will easily take the food supplies out of their storage Honai. Other than that, Honai is also used to store hunting equipment and also war combat equipment. This sacred home of Papua is also made into storage for valuable pieces culturally and morally to each tribe.

2. Body fumigation

In a few places remotely located in the tribes of Papua (Aikima and Kerulu Village), Honai is used as a location where the process of mummy fumigation is taken (preserved body). The sacred and fumigated body is no ordinary person. It can only be the Head of the Tribe and the vital people of the tribe.

3. Rendezvous

Honai can be a place where tribe figures or men (who is mentally and physically ready for war) to discuss war strategies.

4. Galvinizing

A son of the tribe plays an important role in the Dani tribe. That is why this traditional home is used as a place where the father trains the son mentally and physically so that they can grow up to be a man that can protect and lead a tribe. The teachings of war and hunting is also applied, so its heritage can survive for years to come.

Honai Philosophy

  1. Unifying groups

Honai with its circle shaped wall is a cast that makes the tribe of Dani unifies with every other tribe.

2. A symbol of unity

Other than the feeling of unity, Honai is also a foundation for Dani tribe to continue to see eye to eye with each other in daily life.

3. Pride status

Reputation is also a vital matter to the Dani Tribe, and the traditional home Honai is what shows the value of pride the clan has.

Well, these are one of the uniqueness of Papua. If you ever come visit Papua, come and try spending a night in a Honai with the locals. Amakanie!


The Hidden Treasure of Pogapa

The occupants of this village, the Moni tribe, lives in harmony along with nature and are gratefully blessed with fertile soil. They plant taro, one of the earliest cultivated plant similar to yams, which is their main source of food. Coffee is also one of the plants they manage traditionally.

Being the village with the only airstrip, Pogapa is the starting point to the other remote villages located in the mountains. Plane rides take 45 minutes and it is the one and only to reach Pogapa. The trek of Pogapa and other villages around it gives you the chance to see how the locals go on with their daily routines. Along with the scenery, enjoy the fresh air fabricated by the thick rainforest.

Set your plan to come here. Meet the people of Pogapa and see their daily activities; from their food processing in the kitchen to the traditional market. Enjoy spectacular view of mountains around and feel the real inner peace while you are here.

Endemic Flora along the Trekking Route to Carstensz

Rhododendron SP

Natural resources of Papua play a key role in economic and social development in this area. The resources are found in the forest, coast, sea, and land which is rich of minerals. The ecosystem in Papua is the richest in Indonesia where a half of variety of Indonesian flora and fauna live. Some of endemic flora and fauna are only found here. Papua is the habitat of 15.000-20.000 kinds of plants (55% is endemic), 602 kinds of birds (52% is endemic), 125 kinds of mammals (58% is endemic), and 223 kinds of reptiles (35% is endemic). In February 2006, a group of researcher carried out a study in Foja Mountain. They found various types of bird, amphibian, and plant, including a new variant of rhododendron which flower is the biggest in its genus.  This natural potency is getting more significant along with the agreement of Nagoya Protocol which protects the biodiversity in Papua in order to give advantages for Indonesia in general and local people in Particular. Nagoya Protocol is very important to accommodate traditional knowledge of local people living in customary laws.

Rhododendron Verstegii

Rhododendron is a stand out type of flora in Carstensz with its bright color flower. It grows at the altitude of 500-meter in mountain forest. It is a kind of epiphyte living in branches of trees. Rhododendron is usually found with some different species. In this condition many hybrids occur. There are species of Rhododendron Rarum which blossom in April to July. Their habitat is near small lakes and wet stones along the trekking route to Carstensz.

There are many species of Rhododendron along the trekking route. One of them is Rhododendron Verstegii. It has yellow petal but reddish at the bottom. It is different from Rhododendron Macgregorii which has yellow petal and pedicel and smaller flower.

Rhododendron Rarum

Rhododendron Macgregorii

It is not only Rhododendron found along the trekking route.  Other plants like Orchidaceae or orchid also commonly grow in this wet tropical area. Most of orchid species here are epiphyte which is different from other species grow in tropical area which usually grow on soil. Epiphyte orchid can live from dew and moist air with fiber radix. The epiphytes develop their roots and cling on the branches where they live. However, other species grow in land with their roots in the soil. Other species are saprophyte which grows on humus formed from leaves and decayed woods. On the surface of the root it is usually found fungus which develop symbiosis with orchid.

Orchid in Carstensz

Epiphyte can grow its stem well, often thicken it and has wax on the stem to avoid over evaporation. The stem can grow long (monopodial) or wide (simpodial), depending on its genus. The leaf of orchid is usually oval and long, typical of monocotyledon leaf.  It can widen itself and function as water supplier. Orchid has typical flower which distinguish it from other families.

Dendrobium Dekockii

Dendrobium is a genus of epiphyte orchid. It grows in simpodial manner, which means the growth of the tip of its stem is limited. It will stop growing when it reaches maximum limit. This growth is continued by its saplings. There is rhizome (stem under the soil) in simpodial orchid. Saplings of the orchid emerge from its rhizome. Dendrobium needs sun light with mid to high intensity, depending on the type of Dendrobium.

Dendrobium Subclausum

Dendrobium Subclausum is a kind of epiphyte orchid which blossom its yellow flower in rainy season. Its flower ranges from 3 to 5 cm length. This species is commonly found in Maluku and trekking route to Carstensz.


Dendrobium Dekockii

Dendrobium Wentianum

Dendrobium Wentianum is a kind of epiphyte orchid genus with dark green leaf and flower comprises a group 1 to 4 flowers. Its flower is usually purple, orange, red, or combination of orange and red. It grows on branches at the altitude of 1850 to 3300 meter. It is commonly found in the trekking route to Carstensz and  Papua New Guinea. It is believed that there are still a lot of kinds of orchid species along the trekking route which have not been found and labeled with scientific name.
It is not only orchid that grow well along the trekking route to Carstensz. ‘Sarang semut’ (literally means ‘ant nest’) a term to refer to Myrmecodia Pendans also can grow well in this area. It is a genus of micromechophyta epiphyte from Southeast Asia and big islands to Queensland, Australia. The term ‘myrmecodia’ derived from Greek word ‘myrmekodes’ meaning “(look) like ant” or “surrounded by ants”. It grows on the branches or stalks of trees and commonly found in the forests in Papua. Although living in the branches or stalks of trees, it does not belong to parasite.

Myrmecodia Pendans
Ant’s Nest

It has been used by people in Wamena, Papua as a medicine to cure kinds of illnesses, such as diarrhea, malaria, rheumatic, and hepatitis. Even today, it has been use to cure serious illness like cancer and hypertension. 

Myrmecodia Pendans or ‘Sarang Semut’

It is ironic that stern gains less attention when scientists carry out survey in Papuan forests. Collectors will be astonished at the inventory of stern in Papua (it is estimated that there are over 2.000 species, which only 1.200 species have been given scientific name). Wet forest in the mountain along the trekking route to Carstensz is the widest habitat of stern in Papua. Some groups of sterns living under the altitude of 3.400 m never face frozen condition. Subalpine stern, on the other hand, grow at the altitude of 3.700 m where the temperature is extremely cold. The following pictures of sterns were taken during Carstensz expedition with climbers from Russia in October 2011.

This species is common along the trekking route

Stern grow on the rocks

Stern in Savanna in the area of Carstensz

Fern forest in Carstensz area is dominated a big sized species which is believed to have been existed since Jurassic era. Stern is a part of vascular plant which reproduces with spore and does not have flower and seed. The family of stern covers 10.560 species in the world.

Fern Forest

Stern appeared in fossil account around 360 million years ago in the last period of Devon. However, many of current families and species just 145 million years ago, in the beginning of Cretaceous era, since flowering plants started to dominate the environment.


Hello fellow climbers! For those of you visiting another country, it’s surely important to keep in handy emergency telephone numbers in case of an urgent situation. In Indonesia, there are a few important numbers you must know, which are:

  • Police: 110.
  • Ambulance: 118 dan 119.
  • Firefighter: 113 atau 1131.
  • National Search and Rescue (SAR): 115.
  • Natural Disaster Posts: 129.
  • Electricity Company: 123.
  • Cellular and Satellite Emergency: 112.
  • Public Informations: 108.

*To call these numbers, make sure to include the area codes. If you are calling through a home phone to the same area, there is no need to use the area codes

Telephone Area Codes throughout Indonesia:


  • 0627 : Subulussalam City
  • 0629 : Kutacane (Southeast Aceh Regency)
  • 0641 : Kota Langsa
  • 0642 : Blang Kejeren (Gayo Lues Regency)
  • 0643 : Takengon (Central Aceh Regency)
  • 0644 : Bireuen (Bireuen Regency)
  • 0645 : Lhoksukon (Aceh Utara Regency), Lhoksumawe City
  • 0646 : Idi (West Aceh Regency)
  • 0650 : Sinabang (Simeulue Regency)
  • 0651 : Banda Aceh, Jantho, Lamno
  • 0652 : Sabang City
  • 0653 : Sigli (Pidie Regency)
  • 0654 : Calang (Aceh Jaya Regency)
  • 0655 : Meulaboh (West Aceh Regency)
  • 0656 : Tapaktuan (South Aceh Regency)
  • 0657 : Bakongan (South Aceh Regency)
  • 0658 : Singkil (Aceh Singkil Regency)
  • 0659 : Blangpidie (Southwest Aceh Regency)

North Sumatera

  • 061 : Medan City, Binjai, Stabat (Langkat Regency), Lubuk Pakam (Deli Serdang Regency), Perbaungan – Cermin Beach (Serdang Bedagai Regency)
  • 0620 : Pangkalan Brandan (Langkat Regency)
  • 0621 : Tebing Tinggi City, Sei Rampah (Serdang Bedagai Regency)
  • 0622 : Kota Pematangsiantar, Pematang Raya (Simalungun Regency), Limapuluh (Batu Bara Regency)
  • 0623 : Kisaran (Asahan Regency), Kota Tanjung Balai
  • 0624 : Rantau Prapat (Labuhanbatu Regency), Aek Kanopan (North Labuhanbatu Regency), Pinang City (South Labuhanbatu Regency)
  • 0625 : Parapat (Simalungun Regency), Ajibata (Toba Samosir Regency), Simanindo (Samosir Regency)
  • 0626 : Pangururan (Samosir Regency)
  • 0627 : Sidikalang (Dairi Regency), Salak (Pakpak Bharat Regency)
  • 0628 : Kabanjahe (Karo Regency), Sibolangit (Deli Serdang Regency)
  • 0630 : Teluk Dalam (South Nias Regency)
  • 0631 : Kota Sibolga, Pandan (Central Tapanuli Regency)
  • 0632 : Balige (Toba Samosir Regency)
  • 0633 : Tarutung (North Tapanuli Regency), Dolok Sanggul (Humbang Hasundutan Regency)
  • 0634 : Kota Padang Sidempuan, Sipirok (South Tapanuli Regency)
  • 0635 : Gunung Tua (North Padang Lawas Regency)
  • 0636 : Panyabungan (Mandailing Natal Regency), Sibuhuan (Padang Lawas Regency)
  • 0639 : Sitoli Mountain

West Sumatera

  • 0751 : Padang City, Pariaman City, Padang Pariaman Regency
  • 0752 : Bukittinggi City, Padang Panjang City, Payakumbuh City, Tanah Datar Regency, Agam Regency
  • 0753 : Pasaman Regency, West Pasaman Regency
  • 0754 : Sawahlunto City, Sijunjung Regency, Dharmasraya Regency
  • 0755 : Solok City, South Solok Regency, Arosuka (Solok Regency)
  • 0756 : Painan (South Coast Regency)
  • 0757 : Renah Indojati
  • 0759 : Mentawai Islands Regency


  • 0760 : Teluk Kuantan (Kuantan Singingi Regency)
  • 0761 : Pekanbaru, Pangkalan Kerinci (Pelalawan Regency), Minas – Tualang (Siak Regency)
  • 0762 : Bangkinang (Kampar Regency), Pasir Pengaraian (Rokan Hulu Regency)
  • 0763 : Selatpanjang (Meranti Islands Regency)
  • 0764 : Siak Sri Indrapura (Siak Regency)
  • 0765 : Dumai City, Duri (Bengkalis Regency), Bagan Batu (Rokan Hilir Regency), Ujung Tanjung (Rokan Hilir Regency)
  • 0766 : Bengkalis (Bengkalis Regency)
  • 0767 : Bagansiapiapi (Rokan Hilir Regency)
  • 0768 : Tembilahan (Indragiri Hilir Regency)
  • 0769 : Rengat – Air Molek (Indragiri Hulu)
  • 0624 : Panipahan (Rokan Hilir Regency)

Riau Islands

  • 0770 : Batam Industrial Zone (Mukakuning)
  • 0771 : Tanjungpinang City and Bintan Regency
  • 0772 : Tarempa (Anambas Islands Regency)
  • 0773 : Ranai (Natuna Regency)
  • 0776 : Dabosingkep (Lingga Regency)
  • 0777 : Tanjung Balai Karimun (Karimun Regency)
  • 0778 : Batam City
  • 0779 : Tanjungbatu (Karimun Regency)


  • 0740 : Mendahara – Muara Sabak (East Tanjung Jabung Regency)
  • 0741 : Jambi City
  • 0742 : Kualatungkal (West Tanjung Jabung Regency) – Tebingtinggijambi
  • 0743 : Muara Bulian (Batanghari Regency)
  • 0744 : Muara Tebo (Tebo Regency)
  • 0745 : Sarolangun (Sarolangun Regency)
  • 0746 : Bangko (Merangin Regency)
  • 0747 : Muarabungo (Bungo Regency)
  • 0748 : Sungai Penuh and Kerinci Regency

South Sumatera

  • 0702 : Tebing Tinggi (Empat Lawang Regency)
  • 0711 : Palembang City, Pangkalan Balai – Betung (Banyuasin Regency), Indralaya (Ogan Ilir Regency)
  • 0712 : Kayu Agung (Ogan Komering Ilir Regency), Tanjung Raja (Ogan Ilir Regency)
  • 0713 : Prabumulih, Pendopo Talang Ubi (Muara Enim Regency)
  • 0714 : Sekayu (Musi Banyuasin Regency)
  • 0730 : Pagar Alam, Agung City (Lahat Regency)
  • 0731 : Lahat (Lahat Regency)
  • 0733 : Lubuklinggau City, Muara Beliti (Musi Rawas Regency)
  • 0734 : Muara Enim (Muara Enim Regency)
  • 0735 : Baturaja (Ogan Komering Ulu Regency), Martapura (West Ogan Komering Ulu Regency), Muaradua (South Ogan Komering Ulu Regency)

Bangka Belitung Islands

  • 0715 : Belinyu (Bangka Regency)
  • 0716 : Muntok (West Bangka Regency)
  • 0717 : Pangkal Pinang, Sungailiat (Bangka Regency)
  • 0718 : Koba (Central Bangka Regency), Toboali (South Bangka Regency)
  • 0719 : Manggar (East Belitung Regency), Tanjung Pandan (Belitung Regency)


  • 0732 : Curup (Rejang Lebong Regency)
  • 0736 : Bengkulu, Lais (Bengkulu Utara Regency)
  • 0737 : Arga Makmur (Bengkulu Utara Regency), Mukomuko (Mukomuko Regency)
  • 0738 : Muara Aman (Lebong Regency)
  • 0739 : Bintuhan (Kaur Regency), Kota Manna (South Bengkulu Regency)


  • 0721 : Bandar Lampung, Gedong Tataan – Tegineneng (Pesawaran Regency), Natar – Jati Agung (South Lampung Regency)
  • 0722 : Agung City (Tanggamus Regency)
  • 0723 : Blambangan Umpu (Way Kanan Regency)
  • 0724 : Kotabumi (North Lampung Regency)
  • 0725 : Metro City, Sugih Mountain (Central Lampung Regency), Sukadana (East Lampung Regency)
  • 0726 : Menggala (Tulang Bawang Regency), West Tulang Bawang Regency, Wiralaga Mulya (Mesuji Regency)
  • 0727 : Kalianda (South Lampung Regency), Punduh Pidada (Pesawaran Regency)
  • 0728 : Liwa (West Lampung Regency), Krui (West Coast Regency)
  • 0729 : Pringsewu (Pringsewu Regency)


  • 021 : Seribu Islands, West Jakarta, Central Jakarta, South Jakarta, East Jakarta, North Jakarta


  • 021 : Tigaraksa (Tangerang Regency), Tangerang, South Tangerang (Pamulang)
  • 0252 : Rangkasbitung (Lebak Regency)
  • 0253 : Pandeglang – Labuan (Pandeglang Regency)
  • 0254 : Serang, Serang Regency, Merak (Cilegon)
  • 0257 : Cinangka (Serang Regency)

West Java

  • 021 : Bekasi, Bekasi Regency, Depok except Sawangan and Bojongsari, Cibinong – Cileungsi – Klapanunggal – Jonggol – Sukamakmur – Cariu – Tanjungsari(Bogor Regency)
  • 022 : Bandung, Cimahi, Soreang (Bandung Regency), Lembang – Ngamprah (West Bandung Regency)
  • 0231 : Cirebon, Sumber – Losari (Cirebon Regency)
  • 0232 : Kuningan Regency
  • 0233 : Majalengka Regency
  • 0234 : Indramayu Regency
  • 0251 : Bogor, Sawangan – Bojongsari (Depok), Bogor Regency except Cibinong, Cileungsi, Klapanunggal, Jonggol, Sukamakmur, Cariu, and Tanjungsari
  • 0260 : Subang
  • 0261 : Sumedang
  • 0262 : Garut
  • 0263 : Cianjur
  • 0264 :  Purwakarta, Cikampek ( Karawang)
  • 0265 : Tasikmalaya, Kadipaten – Singaparna (Tasikmalaya Regency), Banjar City, Ciamis Regency, Pangandaran Regency
  • 0266 : Sukabumi, Palabuhanratu (Sukabumi Regency), Gekbrong (Cianjur Regency)
  • 0267 : Karawang Regency

Central Java

  • 024 – Semarang, Ungaran, Demak (Mranggen, Sayung)
  • 0271 – Surakarta (Solo), Kartasura, Sukoharjo, Karanganyar, Sragen, partially Boyolali
  • 0272 – Klaten
  • 0273 – Wonogiri, Purwantoro, Pracimantoro
  • 0274 – Prambanan, Klaten (region border near Yogyakarta)
  • 0275 – Purworejo, Kutoarjo
  • 0276 – Boyolali
  • 0280 – Majenang, Sidareja (Cilacap regency west region)
  • 0281 – Purwokerto, Banyumas, Sumpiuh, Purbalingga
  • 0282 – Cilacap (East side), Kebasen (region border near Cilacap)
  • 0283 – Tegal, Slawi, Brebes (except Bumiayu)
  • 0284 – Pemalang, Tegal (East side)
  • 0285 – Pekalongan, Batang (West side), Comal
  • 0286 – Banjarnegara, Wonosobo
  • 0287 – Kebumen, Karanganyar, Gombong, Tambak (region border near Kebumen)
  • 0289 – Bumiayu, Paguyangan (Brebes Regency south region)
  • 0291 – Demak (except Mranggen, Sayung), Jepara, Kudus
  • 0292 – Grobogan, Purwodadi
  • 0293 – Magelang, Mungkid, Temanggung
  • 0294 – Kendal, Kaliwungu, Weleri, Batang (East side)
  • 0295 – Pati, Rembang, Lasem
  • 0296 – Blora, Cepu
  • 0297 – Karimun Jawa
  • 0298 – Salatiga, Ambarawa (Semarang regency south and center region)
  • 0299 – Nusakambangan
  • 0356 – Rembang east region (region border near Tuban)


  • 0274 –Yogyakarta, Sleman, Bantul, Gunung Kidul, Kulon Progo

East Java

  • 031 – Surabaya, Gresik, Sidoarjo, Bangkalan
  • 0321 – Mojokerto, Jombang
  • 0322 – Lamongan, Babat
  • 0323 – Sampang
  • 0324 – Pamekasan
  • 0325 – Sangkapura (Bawean)
  • 0327 – Kangean Islands, Masalembu Islands
  • 0328 – Sumenep
  • 0331 – Jember (except Ambulu & Puger)
  • 0332 – Bondowoso, Sukosari, Prajekan
  • 0333 – Banyuwangi, Genteng, Muncar
  • 0334 – Lumajang
  • 0335 – Probolinggo, Kraksaan
  • 0336 – Ambulu, Puger (Jember Regency South Region)
  • 0338 – Situbondo, Besuki
  • 0341 – Malang, Kepanjen, Batu
  • 0342 – Blitar, Wlingi
  • 0343 – Pasuruan, Pandaan, Gempol
  • 0351 – Madiun, Caruban, Magetan, Ngawi
  • 0352 – Ponorogo
  • 0353 – Bojonegoro
  • 0354 – Kediri, Pare
  • 0355 – Tulungagung, Trenggalek
  • 0356 – Tuban
  • 0357 – Pacitan
  • 0358 – Nganjuk, Kertosono


  • 0361 – Denpasar, Gianyar, Badung, Tabanan (except Baturiti), Tampaksiring, Ubud (Gianyar), Nusa Dua, Kuta (Badung), Sanur (South Denpasar)
  • 0362 – Singaraja (Buleleng Regency)
  • 0363 – Amlapura (Karangasem Regency)
  • 0365 – Negara, Gilimanuk (Jembrana Regency)
  • 0366 – Klungkung, Bangli
  • 0368 – Baturiti (Tabanan)

West Nusa Tenggara

  • 0364 – Kota Mataram
  • 0370 – Mataram, Praya
  • 0371 – Sumbawa
  • 0372 – Alas, Taliwang
  • 0373 – Dompu
  • 0374 – Bima
  • 0376 – Selong

East Nusa Tenggara

  • 0380 – Kupang, Baa (Roti)
  • 0381 – Ende
  • 0382 – Maumere
  • 0383 – Larantuka
  • 0384 – Bajawa
  • 0385 – Labuhanbajo, Ruteng
  • 0386 – Kalabahi
  • 0387 – Waingapu, Waikabubak
  • 0388 – Kefamenanu, Soe
  • 0389 – Atambua

West Kalimantan

  • 0561 – Pontianak, Mempawah
  • 0562 – Sambas, Singkawang, Bengkayang
  • 0563 – Ngabang
  • 0564 – Sanggau
  • 0565 – Sintang
  • 0567 – Putussibau
  • 0568 – Nanga Pinoh
  • 0534 – Ketapang

Central Kalimantan

  • 0513 – Muara Teweh
  • 0522 – Ampah (Center District, East Barito)
  • 0525 – Buntok
  • 0526 – Tamiang Layang
  • 0528 – Purukcahu
  • 0531 – Sampit
  • 0532 – Pangkalan Bun, Kumai
  • 0536 – Palangkaraya, Kasongan
  • 0537 – Kuala Kurun
  • 0538 – Kuala Pembuang
  • 0539 – Kuala Kuayan (Mentaya Hulu, East Kotawaringin)

South Kalimantan

  • 0511 – Banjarmasin, Banjarbaru, Martapura, Marabahan
  • 0512 – Pelaihari
  • 0517 – Kandangan, Barabai, Rantau, Negara
  • 0518 – Kotabaru, Batulicin
  • 0526 – Tanjung, Balangan
  • 0527 – Amuntai

East Kalimantan

  • 0541 – Samarinda, Tenggarong
  • 0542 – Balikpapan
  • 0543 – Tanah Grogot
  • 0545 – Melak
  • 0548 – Bontang
  • 0549 – Sangatta
  • 0554 – Tanjung Redeb (Berau)

Kalimantan Utara

  • 0551 – Tarakan, Bunyu
  • 0552 – Tanjungselor, Tana Tidung
  • 0553 – Malinau
  • 0556 – Nunukan

North Sulawesi

  • 0430 – Amurang (South Minahasa Regency)
  • 0431 – Manado, Tomohon, Tondano
  • 0432 – Tahuna (Sangihe Island Regency)
  • 0434 – Kotamobagu
  • 0438 – Bitung


  • 0435 – Gorontalo, Limboto
  • 0443 – Marisa

Central Sulawesi

  • 0445 – Buol
  • 0450 – Parigi
  • 0451 – Palu
  • 0452 – Poso
  • 0453 – Tolitoli
  • 0454 – Tinombo
  • 0457 – Donggala
  • 0458 – Tentena
  • 0461 – Luwuk
  • 0462 – Banggai
  • 0463 – Bunta
  • 0464 – Ampana
  • 0465 – Kolonedale
  • 0455 – Kota Raya, Moutong

West Sulawesi

  • 0422 – Majene
  • 0426 – Mamuju
  • 0428 – Polewali

South Sulawesi

  • 0410 – Pangkep
  • 0411 – Makassar, Maros, Sungguminasa
  • 0413 – Bulukumba, Bantaeng
  • 0414 – Kepulauan Selayar
  • 0417 – Malino
  • 0418 – Takalar
  • 0419 – Jeneponto
  • 0420 – Enrekang
  • 0421 – Parepare, Pinrang
  • 0423 – Makale, Rantepao
  • 0427 – Barru
  • 0471 – Palopo
  • 0472 – Pitumpanua
  • 0473 – Masamba
  • 0474 – Malili
  • 0475 – Soroako
  • 0481 – Watampone
  • 0482 – Sinjai
  • 0484 – Watansoppeng
  • 0485 – Sengkang

Southeast Sulawesi

  • 0401 – Kendari
  • 0402 – Baubau
  • 0403 – Raha
  • 0404 – Wanci
  • 0405 – Kolaka
  • 0408 – Kota Unaaha


  • 0910 – Bandanaira
  • 0911 – Ambon
  • 0913 – Namlea
  • 0914 – Masohi
  • 0915 – Bula
  • 0916 – Tual
  • 0917 – Dobo
  • 0918 – Saumlaku
  • 0921 – Soasiu, Sofifi
  • 0922 – Jailolo
  • 0923 – Morotai
  • 0924 – Tobelo
  • 0927 – Labuha
  • 0929 – Sanana
  • 0931 – Saparua


  • 0901 – Timika, Tembagapura
  • 0902 – Agats (Asmat)
  • 0951 – Sorong
  • 0952 – Teminabuan
  • 0955 – Bintuni
  • 0956 – Fakfak
  • 0957 – Kaimana
  • 0966 – Sarmi
  • 0967 – Jayapura, Abepura
  • 0969 – Wamena
  • 0971 – Merauke
  • 0975 – Tanahmerah
  • 0980 – Ransiki
  • 0981 – Biak
  • 0983 – Serui
  • 0984 – Nabire
  • 0985 – Nabire
  • 0986 – Manokwari

For those of you coming out of the country, this additional information might be helpful for you:

    Address: Jl. Patra Kuningan 7/15
    No.Telp : (62-21) 5221378
  2. EMBASSY OF GREEK (Schengen Country)
    Address: Plaza 89, 12th floor, Jl. H.R. Rasuna Said Kav. X-7 No. 6, Kuningan, Jakarta 12540
    Phone: (62-21) 520-7776
    Fax: (62-21) 520-7753
    Address: Gedung Artha Graha Lt.9, Jl. Jendral Sudirman Kav.52-53, Jakarta 12190
    Phone: (62-21) 5153483 s/d 84
    Fax: (62-21) 5153482
    Address: Jl.Teuku Umar No.25, Menteng Jakarta 10350
    Phone: (62-21) 9100163, 3158537 (Hunting-Visa,General Affairs),3100358
    Fax: (62-21) 3149615, 3904946
    Address: Menara Mulia, Lt.20 Suite 2005, Jl.Jend. Gatot Subroto Kav.9-11, Jakarta Selatan 12930
    Phone: (62-21) 522-7547, 522-7548
    Fax: (62-21) 522-7549
    Address: Jl. HR Rasuna Said Kav.1, Jakarta 12950
    Phone: (62-21) 5256250
    Fax: (62-21) 5226056
    Address: Wisma Dharmala Sakti Lt.11, Jl.Jend Sudirman No.32, Jakarta 10220, Po Box 6435 Jakarta 10064
    Phone: 021.5703432, 5704220
    Fax: 021. 5700016
    Address: Gedung Artha Graha Lt.12, Jl. Jendral Sudirman Kav.52-53, Jakarta 12190
    Phone: (62-21) 5151111
    Fax: (62-21) 5152910
    Address: Jl. H.R. Rasuna Said Kav. X3-2, Kuningan, Jakarta Selatan 12950
    Phone: (62-21) 525-6061, 5256521
    Fax: (62-21) 520-2289
  10. EMBASSY OF SWEDIA (Schengen Country)
    Address : Menara Rajawali, 9th Floor, Jl. Mega Kuningan Lot No. 5.1, Kawasan Mega Kuningan Jakarta 12950, (PO Box 2824, Jakarta 10001)
    Phone: (62-21) 25535900, 576-2690
    Fax. : (62-21) 5762610, 576-2691
    Email :
    Website :
  11. EMBASSY OF SPANYOL (Schengen Country)
    Address: Jl. H. Agus Salim No. 61, Menteng, Jakarta Pusat 10350
    Phone: (62-21) 31935937, 31935136
    Fax: (62-21) 325996
    Address: Jl. H. R. Rasuna Said Kav. 7 No. 1-2, Kuningan, Jakarta Selatan 12950
    No.Telp : (62-21) 522-2912, 522-2914
    Fax: (62-21) 522-2916, 522-2915
    Address: Jl. Teuku Cik Ditiro No. 42A, Menteng, Jakarta Pusat 10310
    Phone: (62-21) 310-6240, 310-6241
    Fax: (62-21) 390-7759
  14. EMBASSY OF PRANCIS (Schengen Country)
    Address: Jl. M.H. Thamrin No. 20, Menteng, Jakarta Pusat 10310
    Phone: (62-21) 314-2807, 314-3338
    Fax: (62-21) 392-9678
  15. EMBASSY OF PORTUGAL (Schengen Country)
    Address: Jl. Indramayu 2A, Menteng
    Phone: (62-21) 31908030
    Fax: (62-21) 31908031
    Address: Jl. H.R. Rasuna Said Kav. X Blok IV3, Kuningan, Jakarta 12950
    Phone: (62-21) 252-5938/9, 252-5940/42
    Fax: (62-21) 252-5958
    Address: Panin Bank Centre Lt.6, Jl.Jend Sudirman No.1 Jakarta 10270
    Phone: (62-21) 7251218
    Fax. : (62-21) 7201012
    Address: World Trade Center, lt 13, Jl. Jendral Sudirman Kav 29-31
    Phone: 021. 5711867 – 570218
    Fax : 021. 5711933
    Address: Jl.Lembang No.10 , Menteng Jakarta 10350
    Phone: (62-21) 3103947, 3103942
    Fax: (62-21) 3103945
  20. EMBASSY OF NORWEGIA (Schengen Country)
    Address: Menara Rajawali Building, 25th floor, Kawasan Mega Kuningan Lot 5.1, Jakarta Selatan 12950
    Phone: (62-21) 576-1523, 576-1524
    Fax: (62-21) 576-1537
    Address: Jl. Taman Patra XIV No. 11ñ11 A, Kuningan Timur Jakarta 12950 Po Box 3649
    Phone: (62-21) 5260922-23
    Fax: (62-21) 5260924, 52600924
    Address : Sentral Senayan II Building lt 10/Jl Asia Afrika Senayan
    Phone: (62-21) 57954120
    Fax: (62-21) 57954124
    Email :
    Phone: (62-21) 5761026 s/d 27, 576-1039
    Fax. : (62-21) 5761034
    Website :
    Address : Sentral Senayan II Building lt 10/Jl Asia Afrika Senayan
    Phone: (62-21) 57954120
    Fax. : (62-21) 57954124
    Email :
    Address : Jl. Teuku Umar No. 68, Menteng, Jakarta Pusat
    No. Phone: (62-21) 314 3440, 335 350, 331141
    Fax. : (62-21) 314 5073
    ~ Informasi daftar Alamat EMBASSY OF di Indonesia lengkap di ~
    Address : Jl. Pekalongan No. 24 Menteng, Jakarta10310
    Phone: (62-21) 31935308, 3159552
    Fax. : (62-21) 2302705, 31900383
    Address : Jl.Jend.Gatot Subroto Kav 57 Jakarta Selatan Po Box 4187 JKTM
    Phone: (62-21) 5201915 (8 lines),5208950
    Fax. : (62-21) 5254159
  27. EMBASSY OF JERMAN (Schengen Country)
    Address : Jl. M.H. Thamrin No. 1, Menteng, Jakarta Pusat 10310
    Phone: (62-21) 3901750
    No. Fax 62-21) 3901757
    Email :
    Website :
    Address : Jl. M.H. Thamrin No. 24, Jakarta 10350
    Phone: (62-21) 31924308
    Fax. : (62-21) 315-7156
    Website : Daftar Alamat EMBASSY OF di Jakarta, Indonesia
  29. EMBASSY OF ITALI (Schengen Country)
    Address : Jl. Diponegoro No. 45, Menteng, Jakarta Pusat 10310
    Phone: (62-21) 3901750, 337445
    Fax. : (62-21) 3901757, 337422
    Email :,
    Website :
    Address : Gedung Deutsche Bank lt 19, Jl. Iman Bonjol No. 80
    Phone: (62-21) 3907484
    Fax. : (62-21)3160858
    Address : Jl.H.R.Rasuna Said Kav S-1, Kuningan Jakarta 12950
    Phone: (62-21) 5204150,5204152,5204157
    Fax. : (62-21) 5204160
    Email :
    Website :
    Address : Jl. H.R. Rasuna Said Kav. X-3, Kuningan, Jakarta Selatan 12950
    Phone: (62-21) 520-3459, 520-3460
    Fax. : (62-21) 520-3461
    Email :
  33. EMBASSY OF FINLANDIA (Schengen Country)
    Address : Menara Rajawali, 9th floor, Jalan Mega Kuningan, Lot No. 5.1 Kawasan Mega Kuningan, Jakarta 12950
    Phone: (62-21) 576-1650
    Fax. : (62-21) 576-1631
    Email :,
    Website :
  34. EMBASSY OF DENMARK (Schengen Country)
    Address : Menara Rajawali Lt.25, Jl.Mega Kuningan Lot No.5.1, Jakarta 12950
    Phone: (62-21) 5761478
    Fax. : (62-21) 5761535
    Email :
    Website :
    Address : Jl. Mega Kuningan No. 2 Karet Kuningan, Jakarta Selatan 12950
    Address : Jl.Gereja Theresia No.20 Menteng, Jakarta 10350, P.O.Box 1319
    Phone: (62-21) 3904075,3904076,3904077
    Fax. : (62-21) 336282
    Email :
    Website :
    Address : World Trade Centre, 6th Floor, Jl. Jend. Sudirman, Kav. 29, Jakarta 12920
    Phone: (62-21) 525-0709
    Fax. : (62-21) 571-2251, 5701650
    Email :
    Website :
    Address : Jl. TB. Simatupang Kav 13, Jakarta Selatan
    Phone: (62-21)7812523
    Fax. : (62-21)7812524
    Address : Jl. H Agus Salim No 109, Menteng, Jakarta Pusat 10350
    Phone: (62-21) 3140440, 327-684
    Fax. : (62-21) 327204
    Email :
    Address : Jl.Imam Bonjol No.34-36,Menteng Jakarta 10310
    Phone: (62-21) 3904048
    Fax. : (62-21) 390404
    Address : Menara Mulia Building, 16th floor, Jl.Jend. Gatot Subroto Kav. 9-11, Jakarta Selatan 12930
    Phone: (62-21) 526-5656, 526-5657, 526-5658
    Fax. : (62-21) 526-5659
    Email :
    Alamat :Jl. Simprug Permata I/39
    Phone7267575, 7205356
  43. EMBASSY OF BELGIA (Schengen Country)
    Address : Deutsche Bank Building Lt.16, Jl.Imam Bonjol No.80, Menteng Jakarta 10310
    Phone: (62-21) 3162030
    Fax. : (62-21) 3162035
    Email :
  44. EMBASSY OF BELANDA (Schengen Country)
    Address : Jl.H.R.Rasuna Said Kav.S-3 Kuningan Jakarta 12950
    Phone: (62-21) 5271904 ( Perjanjian Visa), 5251515, 5248200
    Fax. : (62-21) 5700734
    Email :
    Website :
  45. EMBASSY OF AUSTRIA(Schengen Country) alamat sementara di kedutaan Hongaria
    Address : Jl HR Rasuna Said Kav X-3 Kuningan
    Phone: (62-21) 2593037
    Fax. : (62-21) 520-3461
    Email :
    Address : Jl. H.R. Rasuna Said Kav. C15-16, Kuningan, Jakarta Selatan 12940
    Phone: (62-21) 25505555 s/d 60
    Fax. : (62-21) 522-7101, 526-1690
    Email :
    Website :
    Address : Jl. H.R. Rasuna Said Kav. C15-16, Kuningan, Jakarta Selatan 12940
    Phone: (62-21) 25505555 s/d 60
    Fax. : (62-21) 522-7101, 526-1690
    Email :
    Website :
    Address : Menara Thamrin No. 16, Jl. MH Thamrin
    Phone: 021.2303761
    Email : jakconsul@state.go
    Address : Jl. Medan Merdeka Selatan No. 5, Jakarta Pusat 10110
    Phone: (62-21) 34359888,34359000 untuk informasi, 3452016 EX 300 KHUSUS UNTUK VISA STUDENT
    Alamat E-mail :
    Website :,
    Address : Jl. HR Rasuna Said Kuningan
    Phone: 021.5254719
    Fax. : 021.5254654
    Address : Jl.HR Rasuna Said Kav 10-1 Kuningan Jakarta 12950
    Phone: (62-21) 5254719, 5254809
    Fax. : (62-21) 5254654
    Address : Wisma GKBI Lt.7 Suite 705, Jl.Jend Sudirman No.28, Jakarta 10210
    Phone: (62-21) 5740660
    Fax. : (62-21) 5740661
    Email :
    Website :



Guide Tips on Visiting Timika

When it comes to Timika City, it is no longer unfamiliar with the city built alongside the world’s largest mining company from the United States, Freeport-McMoran Copper & Gold Inc., which mines copper, gold and silver ore miles away in the mountains. The complexity of Grasberg mine situated right in the heart of the mineral zone is one of the largest coppers and gold extraction in the world.

In addition, there have been more supplementary copper and gold noted around the hills of Jayawijaya. Not only that, the city is also popular with estuaries, beaches, snowy mountain peaks, and recreational hunting/fishing.

The city of Timika is surrounded by tropical rainforests, where the air temperature can feel hot and humid, but also balanced by heavy rainfalls making the air cooler and more pleasant. However, there is a slight change of atmosphere when stepping foot in this small city into another district, Kuala Kencana. From a not so advanced small town into an area so elite and conceptual.

The Kuala Kencana area has a smooth and wide paved road, a small meadow in the middle of the roundabouts with lit streetlights at night, even having a statue with fountains in the middle of the city the locals consider sightseeing. The residential area looks American-style houses with a fairly large lawn and the distance between the houses is quite spacious.

As the capital of Mimika Regency, Timika is surrounded by several districts, including:

  • East Mimika
  • Middle East Mimika
  • Far East Mimika
  • West Mimika
  • Far West Mimika
  • Middle West Mimika
  • New Mimika
  • Kuala Kencana
  • Tembagapura
  • Agimuga
  • Jila
  • Jita

History of Timika

Timika is inseparable from the history of Mimika Regency which was originally a sub-district from the Fakfak Regency which later became the Autonomous District in 1999. The area is around 20,093 km2 with high and low topography.

Mimika is inhabited by seven indigenous tribes, of which two large tribes including Amungme inhabit the mountainous and Kamoro region in the coastal region. The other five tribes are still in kinship originating from other regions but have long lived in Mimika Regency, namely the Dani / Lani, Damal, Mee, Nduga and Moni tribes.

Ways of getting to Timika

  • Airplane

The only way to reach Timika by air is landing at Moses Kilangin Airport which is managed by PT Airfast Aviation Facility Company (AVCO) for PT Freeport Indonesia (PTFI) activities. Airlines serving the Timika route are Garuda Indonesia, Sriwijaya Airlines and Airfast. Airfast is the company’s airline specialized PTFI’s employees, consultants or guests to travel.

  • Ship

The sea route to Timika is reachable through Makassar or Manado with the fastest time, two to three weeks. There are two ports in Timika, namely Pomako Port which is located 66 km from Timika for public use and Amamapare Port specifically for PTFI. From the port, small boats are available to navigate the rivers of rural areas, such as Kamoros, Pikapu, Jaramay and Mimika

Climate in Timika

The climate in Timika is classified as tropical with an average annual temperature of 25.9°C. The average annual rainfall is 3340 mm, a lot of rainfall in Timika Jaya, even in the driest month.

Regional Languages in Timika

Although there are seven tribes that wander Timika, the language used are the two large tribes of the indigenous people, namely the tribes of Amungme and Kamoro. Generally, migrants still use Indonesian for daily communication. Other than that, accents may vary along with the many tribes and culture populating Timika.

Do’s and Don’ts

  • Be friendly and smile
  • Try not to wear flashy/expensive items such as jewelry etc.
  • Regularly check your wallets, phones and hold on to your bag when walking through a crowded area
  • Keep Indonesian cash on you at all times
  • Remember to always have identification on you
  • Be cautious when going into the streets at nighttime
  • Do not excessively act on something you think is peculiar
  • If you get into a situation of dealing with street merchants that start insisting on selling you products you don’t really need, feel free to reject their offers by saying tidak, meaning “no”
  • Prepare anti-mosquito lotions or get yourself vaccinated with antimalarial vaccine
  • Bring antiseptic practical

As long as you keep things lowkey and stay away from problematic situations, you will remain safe. You should trust your intuition and try to get out of the situations which could possibly become dangerous for you. In the end, we will only tell you one more thing and it refers to basic words s. Terima kasih is the Indonesian phrase for “thank you”. Keep that in mind

Traditional Foods in Papua Indonesia

Papua is the most eastern part of Indonesia. It is extremely rich in culture and natural resources. Most of their nature still lies untouched and play a huge part in their lifestyle. You can see this through their food. Their cuisines are tightly woven with their surrounding nature. These Traditional Food in Papua Indonesia will tell you the kind of food that they usually eat. You will see that most of their food contain sago from the sago trees that are grown all over the region. But there are so much more that you should know about which you will find here.

  • Sago Martabak

Stuffed pancake is called as martabak in Indonesia. In most parts of Indonesia, the commonly stuffed pancake is often filled with all sorts of meat or sweet fillings such as chocolate or milk. As for the one in Papua, sago is the main ingredient for it. Sago is grinded until is soft and then fried. After that, it is mixed with some brown sugar, which makes it sweet. This traditional food actually originated from Fakfak regency in Papua.

  • Papeda

This next traditional food from Papua is called as Papeda. It uses sago as its main component as well. However, the sago is made into a porridge consistency. The dish is transparent and sticky like glue. The taste of this dish is bland because you will need to eat it with other kinds of dish. Papeda is usually eaten with a fish soup. You eat Papeda with a bamboo stick to roll it up. You don’t have to chew Papeda, you can just swallow it instantly. Chewing will only make it all sticky in your mouth.

  • Petatas

Petatas is one of the traditional foods originating from Papua. This food is also known as sweet potato for the people of Papua, specifically for those living in mountainous areas where it grows making it a daily staple food. People in Papua make petatas as food that is used because the land in the island does not need to be planted with rice, so most people plant petatas for their daily food needs. In addition, the people of Papua also do not need to buy rice at high prices. This is because the rice obtained is shipping from outside Papua, so the shipping costs become expensive. Petatas also contain good nutrition with rice, so petatas can produce rice that is worth it.

  • Sago Grub Satay

Sago grub satay is a dish commonly found in Papua. It may take certain kind of people to like this dish as it’s quite different than others. The sago grubs are collected from the sago trees. They must be the kind of trees that are already old and weathered. The sago grubs are then placed on bamboo sticks to be roasted or grilled. This food is often eaten by the people in Papua as snacks.

  • Ikan Bungkus

Ikan Bungkus literally means wrapped fish. In this dish, a fish is cooked inside a taro leaf. They don’t leave out the special herbs and spices from Papua though. The most prominent taste from this food is its saltiness. The salt is an important part of it because it helps to get rid of any sap that is released from the taro leaf. The fish is grilled slowly with a small fire. It may take some time for the fish to fully cooked. Once it’s done, the wrapped fish is then served to people while it is warm.

  • Aunu Senebre

Aunu Senebre is mostly made with anchovies. The anchovies are fried with rice and then mixed with taro leaves that are already cut up into smaller pieces. The taro leaves make this dish tasty. Grated coconut is added too. For some people, this dish might feel a bit too dry. But they can just eat it with Papeda. The chewy texture of Papeda will balance out any dryness from this dish. It’s also a great way to eat two traditional Papua dishes at once.

  • Lontar Cake

The next traditional food in Papua is called Lontar cake. It’s actually a very popular food in Papua.This cake is similar to the milk pies that are sold in Bali. But Lontar cake is made in a different way. The cake is molded using a ceramic plate. The size of the cake is determined by it. If the ceramic plate is huge, then the cake would also be big. Other than that, this cake is often served during special occasions such as Christmas or Eid.

  • Manokwari Grilled Fish

This is another traditional dish that contains fish. It originated from Manokwari, a town in West Papua. The fish that is used in this dish is the mackerel tuna. What makes this dish special is the chili that comes with it. It can only be eaten in Papua. Unlike other grilled fish in Indonesia, it’s not slathered in sweet soy sauce. The fish is very spicy from the chili.

  • Ant’s Nest

No, this dish is not about an actual ant’s nest. The name actually refers to a kind of plant that can only be found in the forest of Papua. It’s an extremely unique plant that resembles the intricacies of an ant’s nest, thus the name. This traditional food is often in high demand by people outside of Papua because of its many healthy properties. It is usually used as medicine in Papua. There are also cakes that are made of the ant’s nest.

  • Sago Slabs

Those who live in Papua often make this traditional food to eat for themselves. So it can be hard to find it in sold in shops. It is also best eaten while it is hot. The sago is molded into rectangles and then roasted with fire. The color of the sago slabs is usually brownish red. The slabs are very hard so it can be quite difficult to bite it. This food lasts a long time because it doesn’t contain water that could attract microbes or mold.

  • Cheating Praw

The name is odd but there’s a reason for it. This traditional food contains a huge prawn with claws that resemble crabs’ claws. So a prawn must have cheated with a crab to create this massive prawn. The meat of this prawn is soft and sweet, similar to that of a lobster. It is often served with all kinds of sauces in Papua. It’s a very fulfilling dish and you can eat it in any way you want.

  • Saksak

Saksak is basically sago dumplings. The texture is slippery and jelly-like. The ingredients are sugar, tapioca and mashed bananas. They are mixed together and wrapped up in banana leaves. Then, they are steamed for a couple of minutes and served when ready Saksak is not that sweet. The only sweetness will come from the bananas as the sago doesn’t offer a striking flavour.

  • Mumu

The main part of the traditional Mumu dish is the meat. Other than that, so many vegetables, spices and salt are added. They never leave out the coconut milk, of course. All of those things are then wrapped neatly inside banana leaves. Then, they are placed inside a ground oven that is heated with very hot stones. People then eat this food with their hands. They share the food with family and friends. In case you ever visit Papua, you should definitely try out all this food. It will be an unforgettable experience to savour the food while surrounded by the beauty of Papua’s nature. You’ll create a deep connection with the communities through their food as well.

  • Tambelo

Papua is not strange in the matter of extreme culinary, Tambelo is a kind of worm living inside the rotten branches of trees. Similar to squid’s tentacles at a glance, its mushy texture might make the insides of your mouth contempt. You might get a hold of yourself first before you attempt to engulf this unusual cuisine. Sipping it vigorously is the way to consume it, and it is believed to enriched with protein causing increased sperm count to man. It is known to be a regular snack of the Kamoro Tribe living in Agats.


Traditional Medicines of Papua

Hello, fellow climbers! Before you visit Papua and take a shot at reaching Carstensz Summit, there is no wrong in knowing the secrets within the natures of Papua. The rainforest is enriched with many plants containing natural components that can be used as medicine. Some of them are listed below:

  1. Itchy Leaf

For those of you readers originating from Papua or Maluku, of course you are familiar with this particular plant. Laportea ducumana or more known by the locals with the name “daun gatal”, is one of the traditional plants capable of curing headaches, sore muscles, malaria and many more. How to use it is quite simple; by rubbing it on the part of your body in pain. The itchiness feeling will come and after 10 minutes, the rubbed part of your body will feel warm and fresh once again. You can find this plant in local flee markets of Papua. Are you interested on relieving your body after the climb to Carstensz? Looks like this plant will help you lose tension and pain in your body after an exhausting ascent.

  • Mayana

Mayana or Acalypha wilkesiana Muell, Arg., usually grows in yards of homes or in an area with little sunlight and soil from dry to soggy. Mayana is known to effectively cure diarrhea, laryngitis, fever and also increase blood supply. The parts of the plant that are usually used are the leaves and the stem. How to use it is to boil the plant with water and rub the water onto the body.

  • Betel Nut

Without this plant, Papua wouldn’t be the same. You can almost catch this plant being sold at every corners and side of every road in Papua. Betel nut or its scientific name, Areca catechu L. normally growing at yards of homes at tropical areas. Part of the nut used is the fruit and the not yet ripe seed. This nut is used as a stimulant or psychotropic known to bring fresh and lightness into the human body. The nut is peeled and then chewed along with its seed. Betel leaf is usually added with its lime then chewed until it forms a red mixed with saliva.

  • Betel Leaf

            Piper betle L or betel leaf is one of the traditional medicines that can’t be separated from the betel nut in the Papuan tradition. Normally, people will chew the nut and the leaf at the same time. Aside from the nut, the leaf also has many curing components able to relieve eye pains and toothaches. Its utilization is simply by boiled/pounded and put in onto the part where the pain is.

  • Sambiloto

Sambiloto (Andrographis paniculata (Burm,f.) Wall. Ex Nees) can grow exuberantly on friable and damp soil, from lowland regions to highland regions as high as 700 masl. Local people of Papua especially at Sarmi Regency uses sambiloto to cure malaria. The way to utilize this plant is to boil 10-15 strands of sambiloto until its boiling, then drinking the boliled water twice a day until cured. Aside from that, boiled water of sambiloto is used for anti-inflammation, smoothen bladder control (diuretics), febrifuge (antipyretic), stomachache medicine, lower blood pressure, and is believed to cure typhus.

  • Anthill

Anthill (Myrmecodia spp.) is a plant already well known throughout Indonesia. Its components are always carried by many people to where they originate as a souvenir. The part used is its tuber. How to use this plant is sliced transversely or pollinated, boil it then drank. Anthill can be used to cure many diseases such as inflammation, sore muscles, cancer and diabetes.

  • Red Fruit

Red fruit (Pandanus conoideus Lam.) are found in the middle of the mountains of Papua from Wamena, Jayapura, Nabire, to Manokwari. Traditionally, red fruit is used to prevent lack of stamina as well as preserving body’s fitness therefore it is safe from many kinds of diseases. Local people of Papua exploit this fruit’s components by mixing it with its vegetables or meats that are being cooked. Not only to preserve the body’s fitness, this red fruit can also help prevent cancer cells and tumors from spreading, smoothen blood circulation, therefore lowering hypertension or high blood pressure and preventing a risk of having a stroke. Other uses known is to lighten HIV/AIDS sufferer. Currently, red fruit have been processed modernly (its oil is taken) onto a bottle package. Many people visit Papua and buy the Red Fruit in packages as a souvenir.

  • Broken Bone Leaf

Broken leaf (Euphorbia tirucalli L.) can reach 6 m, having stem and branches containing white thick saps. Like its name, this plant is used by the locals to heal broken bones and to force out poison.  To cure broken bones, traditional curers exploit the whole plant by pounding it and mixed with pure coconut oil, while forcing out the poison is to rub the sap onto the part where it was bitten.

  • Jatropha

Jatropha (Jatropha curcas L.) is found in the yards of the local’s house and spread widely in Papua region. The part of the plant they usually use in traditional curing is the leaf. The leaves are usually used to cure swollen part of the body, rheumatism, and wounds. How to use it by heating it with a candle until withered, rub it with coconut oil, and then the love is stuck unto the part of the body where it is wounded or swollen (3 times a day)

Cat’s Mustache

This particular plant’s use is no longer undoubtedly. The cat’s mustache (Orthosiphon aristatus (Blume) Miq.) is usually easily found at the yards of locals’ home. This plant has a lot of benefits such as anti-diabetes, diuretics, rheumatism, coughing, back pains, obstipation, kidney stones. The way it is used traditionally, it is boiled and made into a drink.

Well.. do you have any of the diseases mentioned that can be cured by the many traditional medicines above?

Writer: Dimitra


Best Tips to Keep Yourself in Great Condition before Summit!

Hello Climbers! How is your preparation to climb Carstensz? Of course, you have prepared a variety of climbing tools and supplies that are enough to climb to the top of Carstensz. Do not forget to maintain your health before climbing. Here are some tips on what to do to help you summit healthily:

  1. Eat well and sleep enough.

Carstensz is different from other mountains in Indonesia. The weather at Carstensz tends to be rainy and sometimes snowy. Climbers sometimes tend to sleep at tents and not interested to do other activity when facing this condition. In fact, adequate food intake is needed so that stamina is maintained during the ascent. In addition, sleep for ± 6 hours before climbing will help you stay fit and awake when climbing in the early hours.

2. Acclimatize for 1-2 days.

Carstensz Peak is at an altitude of 4884 masl. You have to take a helicopter from Timika for about 20 minutes to get to Basecamp. The temperature in Timika tends to warm to hot, while in the Basecamp area is very cold. In a short time, you will feel the temperature difference that is very large when leaving from Timika to Carstensz. Most climbers will feel an unbearable headache and choose to rest in a tent. If you want to get rid of the opportunity to get to the top, continue to sleep; if not, get up and acclimatize (adjusting body temperature to the surrounding area). There are some climbers who fail before going to the top because they choose to stay sleep, take medication and end up unable to continue the expedition because their conditions are getting weaker. To avoid this situation, you must acclimatize by walking in the area around Basecamp for 2-3 hours. Take photos for a moment and enjoy the incredible natural scenery, while training your body with the altitude while occasionally doing light exercise near the climbing track. Your body will slowly adjust to the cold temperature at Carstensz.

3. Bring enough food to the summit.

You will begin the climb to the Carstensz Peak between 3:00 to 4:00 in the morning. Don’t forget to eat the food prepared by Cook, so that your body is strong enough to climb the stone wall. You need to bring enough supplies like 1 bottle of water (1 Liter), snacks (chocolate, bread, biscuits), and medicines needed. Avoid carrying too many things because you need a lot of energy to get to the top.

4. Always consult your condition with the Guide.

If you use the services of an operator, there will be a Guide in charge of helping you during the expedition. If you feel unwell when you arrive at Basecamp or when climbing, consult with the Guide what you feel. The guide who accompanied the guest to Carstensz was not an ordinary climber. They are trained to handle guests in the worst conditions. Be honest with your body condition; don’t force yourself to get to the top. Walk slowly; adjust to your body’s abilities. Remember that the ultimate goal of a climb is home.

Happy climbing!

Author: Dimitra

Where to Eat in Timika

Although it is a small city, people from all over the country are brought together here to make a living around an environment with severe diversity. The kinds of food found here varies from street vendors, the classic Chinese takeout, to local Indonesian dishes.

Rimba Papua Golf Restaurant & Bar

A golf course surrounded by the forest; this restaurant is located in a small district far off the city. Enjoy a small picnic while watching rounds of golf in its small gazebos around the course. With professional class staff, all your needs are surely met during your visit.

  • Kuala Oriental Restaurant

Kuala Oriental is known as the best Chinese restaurant in Timika. Serving exquisite dishes such as Black Pepper Beef, Sweet & Sour Fish, etc.

AddressJl. Budi Utomo No.88A, Timika. Papua, Indonesia

Phone+62 812-2498-9888

  • Tapoko Restaurant

The Tapoko Restaurant is easily accessed off the street or through the accompanying hotel. The menu selection is principally “tourist” Indonesian, but of very good quality & quantity. Staff are very attentive, helpful and friendly. Live music is usually available, and the overall atmosphere si relaxing and enjoyable. Prices are as to be expected in a tourist orientated venue but still very cheap compared to Western Restaurants.

Address: Jl. Yos Sudarso no. 133 Timika, Papua, Indonesia

  • So Yummy Resto

A restaurant with a reputation of having various quality food whether it is dishes or desserts. Also known as having the best Capcay in town, Fried Oxtail with Soup, So Yummy also makes birthday cakes with unique designs.

Address: Jl. Yos Sudarso no. 69 Timika, Papua, Indonesia

  • Manna Bakery

Manna Bakery provides many choices of bread filled with different types of food from regular chocolate to processed beef turned into floss. With many different places in Timika. Manna Bakery is the only place you can find pizza. You can order birthday cakes or any other cakes to celebrate a special event.

Address: Koperapoka, Timika, Papua, Indonesia

  • Kuala Seafood

Famous for its tasty sauce, Kuala Seafood serves different types of seafood. From crabs, fish, shrimps, to squids, Kuala Seafood serves them fresh, been known to be quite exquisite therefore attracting locals to be regular customers in this simple hut.

Address: SP 3, Kuala Kencana, Timika, Papua, Indonesia

  • Resto Jangkar

Resto Jangkar is a local Indonesian restaurant serving fresh seafood, chicken and various Chinese food. it is located in the middle of the regency, can be easy to spot and very welcoming. Though it is quite expensive, the food and service are surely worth the trip.

Address: Nawaripi, Timika, Papua, Indonesia

  • Ossa De Resto

Ossa de Resto is a hotel working beside its villa, Ossa de Villa. With a family-friendly atmosphere, its complete buffet breakfast, surrounded by its village/suburban concept also the green environment is a great way to have the 3 important meals of the day.

Address:  Jl. Acis Jalur 1, Nawaripi, Mimika Baru, Papua, Indonesia

Pepper Dickson: A Sound from Top of Carstensz

Puncak Jaya, May 2, 2019
Pepper Dickson 

Puncak Jaya, also known as Carstensz Pyramid, is located on the island of Papua and the highest mountain on the Oceanic Continent. Famously known as one of the Seven Summits. Due to its remote location and the fact that it is the most technical of all Seven Summits, it is not widely summited. While Kilimanjaro has over 40,000 visits a year, Carstensz Pyramid has approximately 100. 

Being so close to this notable, majestic summit; loving mountains and the feats they incite; and living in close proximity; I couldn’t wait to get out there and connect with this icon myself. With a lot of help and an eager soul, I was introduced to Adventure Carstensz. They are a tour company based in Timika that takes climbers from around the world to summit Carstensz, among other places of interest in Papua. They have a professional and experienced team that is knowledgable about this region, the mountains, climbing and the local people. I spent a few days in Timika a month prior to our climb doing some ropes training with Michael Korwa, the lead guide, and knew I was in good hands. 

Across the limestone fields, between the steep mountain peaks, with rain lightly falling, we followed the rocky path to Yellow Valley where our Base Camp was already set up and waiting for us. I walked out with Wens our cook, and Jacko our porter. Our two guides had hiked out the day before to get everything ready. When we arrived the other two climbers were already there, having come by helicopter earlier that morning. Wang and Zhao, two accomplished Chinese men who flew in from Beijing. We spent the afternoon getting acquainted, sharing stories of past adventures and generally getting a feel for how experienced each of us were. I went to sleep that night after staring at what I could see through the rain of the tough and weathered north face. 

We woke early the next morning. Cold, dark and still raining, we eagerly prepared for our climb. Geared up and ready to leave Base Camp at 4am, the five of us started the short walk to the first pitch. Wearing a harness, using a combination of carabineers, ascenders and a figure 8 descender the whole way, our safety was always the first concern of our guides. Carstensz isn’t the most physically challenging of the Seven Summits, but it is the most technical. After a couple hours of scaling the easy, class-5 rock walls, the sun rose and we were able to have a better look at where we were. The steel grey rocks glistened in the rain, sleek and cold. The summit was out of sight, but even still, we could feel it looming above us. Before us was the “Sky Bridge” tyrollean crossing and two small chasms that require a little more bravado. Sleet started to fall as we crossed the summit ridge, luckily it never turned to ice.

We summited sometime after 9am, over 5 hours after leaving Yellow Valley. It felt triumphant. We were all proud of our efforts and riding an endorphin high. Everyone was full of energy and excitement. Grinning ear to ear we all took the requisite photos and shared snacks before heading back down shortly before 11am, knowing the journey ahead would take time.

Our descent took over 4 hours, almost as long as it took to go up. We were coming down through pouring rain and the further we went, the bigger the cascading waterfalls grew. With water plummeting us from above, it was impossible to stay dry. It came through the tops of our jackets, drenching us all the way down through our boots as we rappelled down one pitch at a time. Waiting for each person to tie in and out of their figure 8 at each rope length was challenging. I wanted to get down and dry off, but the feel of that strong mountain under my feet gave me the power to slow down and appreciate where I was. 

We gleefully arrived back at Base Camp before 3pm, after 9 hours of climbing and an hour of time spent on the summit. We were greeted with hot tea and a big lunch, thanks to our cook, Wens. After a few more “we made it home” photos, we all retired to our tents to dry off and warm up. I spent Thursday night at Base Camp and hiked back out of Yellow Valley on Friday. Happy for a shower and a warm, soft bed, but still buzzing from the energy permeating from the mountain. 

The whole experience was so much fun, the feeling of accomplishment satisfactory and I’m sure the memories will be enduring. I want to do it again when it’s (hopefully) sunny! I can’t recommend Adventure Carstensz and their qualified team enough. Get out there and climb!